What actually is Allergology?

What are allergies? Simply put, faulty reactions of the defense system to usually harmless substances.  

There are numerous different symptoms of allergies, including sneezing, stuffy nose, itchy eyes, hives on the skin, and more!

The following statistics show how serious the problem of allergies actually really is:

10% of all work-related accidents are due to allergic complaints. Allergies and related complaints can drastically reduce the quality of life.

Therefore, there is an urgent need for research into the causal relationships of the development of allergies, in order to strengthen preventive measures and to carry out educational work.

Roughly speaking, allergology is the study of the causes, course and therapy of allergies.

Accordingly, the diagnosis and therapy of allergies are among the professional specialties of allergology.


Allergology: a cross-sectional Medical Discipline 

The treatment of allergic symptoms usually falls under the purview of ear, nose, and throat physicians, pulmonary specialists, and dermatologists.

This is the case and true because allergies, as systemic diseases, affect a whole range of areas of the body and can also cause symptoms in very different parts and areas of the body. Therefore, different medical fields and specialists from different medical fields are often responsible and involved in therapy and diagnostics.


Treatment, effect and diagnosis

There is a whole range of treatment and therapy options.

Starting with respiratory filters, to fume hoods, antagonists of the neurotransmitter histamine and many others. Often the environment and diet are strongly related to the severity of the allergy.

Therefore, a change here is often beneficial as well.

Medications are another common treatment, as they stabilize mast cells, block histamine, reduce inflammation and decrease mucus production in the case of allergies.


How Allergology Helps

Allergology can positively impact lives and quality of life in many ways.

To give a few examples:

Absences from work due to ailments caused by allergies are a thing of the past.

Problems with childhood development due to allergic problems and reactions are greatly reduced.

In addition, allergology as a medical specialty promotes the care of individuals with allergic conditions with medically trained staff and equipment. Social awareness of allergens in products is greatly increased, as evidenced, for example, by the declaration of allergenic ingredients on product packaging.

Psychotherapeutic management of symptoms should also not be underestimated, which allergology promotes and insures.

Despite the above mentioned points, the focus is on improving the quality of life for people suffering from allergies. Without treatment and therapy, the conditions of allergies increasingly worsen, which often makes a carefree life very difficult.


Diagnosis and examination in Allergology

As in other medical fields, only a correct diagnosis can lead to the right therapy.

The type of allergy depends on the speed of the immune response.

The IgE content and level is then determined in a blood analysis, which is important for a correct allergological diagnosis. In hypersensitive patients, the immunoglobin E on the mast cells secretes by contact with an allergen, the immunoglobin E on the mast cells releases histamine, elcosanoids and enzymes.

A so-called allergy test helps and is the main tool to find out which substances trigger an immune response.

At the same time not all test persons who react sensitively by a specific provocation with a certain allergen are also automatically allergic; thus in reality allergic reactions can still be absent.

Therefore, for an accurate diagnosis, allergy and skin or inhalation tests as well as blood tests must be combined.

The standard forms of effective allergy testing for diagnosis therefore include skin tests on the forearm (prick test) as well as a blood draw and often a breath test.

Only with the help of specific diagnostics can individual allergic symptoms be effectively alleviated or cured.

The most common allergies are those to pollen, animal dander or dust mites. However, allergies to food, drugs or bee and wasp venom are also common.


Allergology at the Wiener Privatklinik

Wiener Privatklinik offers them a wide range of medical services! Our medical services and core competencies include sports medicine and sports surgery, cardiovascular medicine, orthopedics and traumatology, general surgery, gastroenterology and hepatology and much more!

We also offer the ability to book a consultation online at our online healthcare center in dermatology, endocrinology, neurology, radiology, traumatology, urology and more!