Dermatology, as a branch of medicine, deals with the skin, mucous membranes and phanera.
The aim of dermatologists and dermatology is generally the prevention and treatment of skin cancers, allergic skin inflammations (eczema), infectious diseases and psychological problems arising due to those issues for daily life.
In addition to these elements and areas, certain beauty treatments are also within the scope of dermatologists.
When is a dermatologist needed and when should one be seen?
There are many signs that make seeing a dermatologist advisable. Unusual appearance of the skin, protrusion of the skin, redness often accompanied by itching, enlargement of a mole or hair loss: in all these cases, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist directly in order to identify the cause of the appearance at an early stage.
Especially if there are personal or family histories regarding skin diseases, or if you are exposed to risk factors, such as strong sun exposure and chemical products, regular examination and monitoring by a dermatologist is recommended.
Typical and common manifestations such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, warts, herpes, shingles; from the most benign to the most severe, are treated by dermatologists and are an integral and commonplace part of dermatology.
What exactly does the work of the dermatologist involve and what is their job?
Of fundamental importance is a questioning of the patient by the dermatologist about the nature of the problem, in order to understand and grasp aspects such as medical and family history and lifestyle.
This is naturally followed by an examination of the specific area affected by the problem; such as lesions or moles. However, it is also important, based on the information given, to examine other areas that may be affected or where similar manifestations may be present.
One of the common tools used to aid diagnosis is dermoscopy, a painless examination to visualize the skin in depth. Also helpful is a skin biopsy to specify the nature of the problem.
Performing dermatologic treatment
The dermatologist usually uses a whole arsenal of treatment techniques. In addition to the self-evident possibility of local or oral medication
the removal of lesions or skin defects by peeling, liquid nitrogen, surgical removal or laser should be mentioned here above all. Likewise, phototherapy for psoriasis and psoriasis as well as local injections of, for example, botulinum toxin against wrinkles are among the common treatment measures of the dermatologist.
Skills the dermatologist must possess
First and foremost here are necessary excellent communication skills. The reason for this is simple: many skin diseases have a psychological origin or are closely linked to a person's psyche.
At the same time, skin diseases can influence or limit the psyche, especially a person's self-confidence.
Communication with the patient is therefore fundamentally important in order to understand and fathom the circumstances and the living environment and thus find an adequate solution for dealing with the disease.
In fact, that communication and psychological healing care and evaluation takes up almost half of the treatment and is thus probably the most difficult and demanding skill that a good and successful dermatologist should possess.
Frequent Problems in Dermatology
One of the most common problems that dermatology and dermatologists face is sun damage from years of carefree sunbathing. Here it is crucial that the skin is checked regularly, as skin cancer may develop. If white skin cancer has already developed, it is essential to remove it.
Other common and frequent diseases are psoriasis, that is psoriasis and eczema.
The most common types of dermatological treatment
In most cases, the best and first type of treatment for skin diseases is a cream specifically designed for the individual disease.
However, there are also numerous patients who are bothered by having to apply cream on a daily basis.
The big problem here is that there is generally comparatively little justification for tablets in dermatology, since side effects of creams are comparatively dwindling.
In some rarer cases, injections are also used.
Dermatology in Vienna at the Wiener Privatklinik
The medical services offered by Wiener Privatklinik include a whole range of other medical specialties in addition to core competencies such as orthopedics and traumatology, sports medicine and general surgery.